Famous Jain Businessmen

If you are a believer in Jainism, then you believe the way you live your life determines whether or not you will achieve true liberation of the soul when you pass away. Most Jains reside in India, but they can be found in other parts of the world like the U.S., Canada, and Britain. Because most Jains live in India, that’s where most famous Jain businessmen reside as well. Although not everyone might realize it, but India is a country of 1.3 billion people (compared to the 323 million in the U.S. [Manhattan] and 36 million in Canada) and business is booming. Here are just a few of the Jain businessmen who have made a big name for themselves by taking advantage of time and circumstance.

Narendra Patni founded Patni Computer Systems after graduating from the Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee. He also spent time and graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. By 2005, he had managed to accumulate $750 million of wealth. He passed away in 2014. Patni Computer Systems was eventually assimilated into a much smaller company that took its name, IGATE. Patni’s legacy continues on through his work in computer IT, and a wife and two children.

Bhavarlal Hiralal Jain was a proponent of changing degraded land into that which could be cultivated, and he was wildly successful in doing so when he introduced micro-irrigation into India. He was the founder chairman of Jain Irrigation Systems Ltd., which at the time of this writing is the second largest company specializing in micro-irrigation in the world. He also founded the Gandhi Research Foundation in accordance with his beliefs. He passed away in 2016.

You’ve probably heard of InfoSpace and Intelius, both of which were founded by Naveen Jain. Currently he chairs Moon Express, another company he founded after moving on from his previous two homes in business. Although he grew up poor, he certainly aspired to great things and achieved those things and more. He even spent time with Microsoft in 1989 before moving on to his own projects. He is 57 years old.

One member of the Sahu Jain family, Vineet Jain, works as managing director of Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd., the parent company of a number of gargantuan Indian newspapers including The Times of India. In 2017, he made the list of India’s fifty most powerful people, coming in at number twenty-three. He was educated in Switzerland. He has won prestigious awards like the Entrepreneur of the Year Award in 2013 from the Bombay Management Association.

These men are just a few business rockstars who have a lot to teach the rest of us about how anything is possible if we put our mind to it. Their beliefs are only a part of their success–their will to succeed is the other piece of the puzzle.

What Are Some Criticisms of Jainism?

Few religions or systems of belief can coexist without enduring their fair share of criticism, whether fair or unfair, and Jainism is no different. The ancient Indian religion is still practiced by millions even today, with smaller non-Indian communities located within Canada, the United Kingdom, Europe, Kenya, Asia, and even the United States. If you’ve ever read about festivals called Paryushana, Daslakshana, Mahavir Jayanti, or Diwali, those are Jain events.

The word “Jain” itself comes from the Sanskrit word for “victor” and signifies a Jain’s ethical and spiritual journey through life and a continuous number of rebirths.

Most criticism of Jainism is levied intellectually and is based on whether or not the religion’s beliefs and practices remain consistent with those who teach them.

The Jain theory of Karma supposes that karma is a physical substance found everywhere and that the substance is attracted to a person’s soul dependent on the actions of the person. In other words, the more harmonious someone is with the civilization or natural world around them, the more karma he or she would attract. Critics often question the lack of oversight by a god. How can the fate of your soul be governed entirely by your own actions without any connection to a Supreme Being? Critics believe that at the very least, that which you receive for your good actions must be administered by a Supreme Being, and not by the supposedly tangible substance they call karma.

The ideas fuelling any religion thrive because they offer solutions, but critics of Jainism suggest that certain Jain doctrines promote hesitancy or uncertainty among followers, and therefore create new problems over solutions.

Other critics believe that the very idea of Jainism undoes itself because Jain epistemology can’t deny doctrines that contradict its own. Jainism posits a complex reality that cannot possibly be described or comprehended by a single doctrine, and therefore its own must not adequately articulate that which it must articulate in order to make universal sense. The Jain doctrine itself would prefer to reconcile rather than contradict or refute, but perhaps this is a reason for the religion’s popularity, to begin with.

Other Jain practices are more heavily criticized, and by a larger swath of the population where Jains thrive. Minors are often inducted into Jain monastic orders, Jains routinely fast to a purposeful death, and women seem to be capable of less authoritative positions than men. Some sects of Jainism believe that women must be reborn as men before they can achieve these higher positions or true liberation. Naturally, some people in the 21st century take issue with these practices–but really, they aren’t too dissimilar from the practices of religions all over the world, nor are they more radical.

3 Powerful Benefits Of Regular Meditation

Meditation has continued to grow in popularity over the past few decades. To some people it is a way to calm the mind, to others, it is a way to connect with their spirit, and to some, it helps keep their body in a healthy state. In reality, meditation does all of these things. It is a multi-faceted practice that combines relaxation, focus, and sometimes exercise. It’s often easy to perform, doesn’t require any equipment, and doesn’t leave you feeling exhausted afterward.

Perhaps you’ve considered meditation, but aren’t sure if it’s right for you. If you’re still on the fence, then consider the following three benefits of meditation and use them to help you make your decision.

1. Cutting Out The Stress.

One of the most significant and most well-documented benefits of meditation is its effect on our stress levels. It happens to be one of best natural treatments for reducing stress. And it doesn’t really matter where that stress is coming from. Calming the mind and improving your breathing can have a profound impact on your stress levels. Not just for that moment either. The effect can last for most of the day.

Is reducing stress that important, though? It’s not just about feeling better mentally. Stress and the hormones related to it happen to be risk factors in many serious health conditions. High levels of stress can increase your risk for cardiovascular conditions, mental health conditions, and even diabetes. Therefore, regular meditation can play a preventative role for all of those problems.

2. Improving The Mind.

There are numerous ways in which meditation affects your mental state. For example, consider its impact on memory retention. The mind naturally drifts toward a state of forgetfulness as it ages. Yet, at the same time, it retains its natural ability to produce the new cells needed. Those cells help you remember, but you have to find ways to encourage the brain to produce them.

Several studies have shown that meditation encourages the production of new cells in the brain responsible for memory retention. One study, in particular, revealed that daily meditation led to a thickening of the brain in the specific area related to memory. Finally, meditation can be used to reduce the impact and progression of diseases that directly affect memory.

3. Fighting Diseases.

We’ve already seen how meditation can reduce the risk factors for diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. We’ve also seen how it can reduce the impact of diseases that affect memory. However, it can also reduce the risk of suffering from inflammation and autoimmune diseases. It does this by directly improving the efficiency of the immune system; another part of the body that seems to suffer and decline as we age.

In Conclusion.

Daily meditation isn’t difficult or expensive. It doesn’t take much time and it’s easy to learn. From janitors to attorneys at The Law Office of Mark J. Sacco, he benefits that it has on the body are immense. Meditation reduces stress, improves the immune system, and helps with mental clarity. And those are only three of the dozens of benefits that meditation has on the body, mind, and spirit.

If you are planning on meditating today, perhaps this music will help:

What Does It Mean to Achieve Moksha In Jainism?

The idea of liberation is important in Jainism is one of its core tenets.

It is spoken about in detail by monks and those involved in Jainism because it’s the greatest meaning of life for a believer. Those who can attain Moksha are the ones who can move on and get to the next step as a being.

Let’s take a look at what it means to achieve Moksha in Jainism.

What Is Moksha?

Moksha or Mokkha is a Sanskrit term used to describe liberation in Jainism.

A person is stuck in a karmic bond as a human being, and that’s what Moksha aims to break through. A person can attain a new state of bliss by liberating him or herself from the disabilities of karma. A soul that can get to this stage is termed as being a “Siddha,” which is one of the highest states in Jainism.

To get to this state, a person has to go through mokṣamārga or a path to liberation as described by Jainism and its texts.

Those who can do this get liberated and can move on as a soul. While everyone else has to remain in the current cycle until they do so.

How Is It Achieved?

What does it take for a person to achieve Moksha as a believer? This is the question asked by those who go through the process.

To achieve Moksha or liberation, a believer has to go through the path of liberation involving samyagjñāna (knowledge), samyagdarśana (perception), and samyakcāritra (conduct). A person has to go through various stages to get past the delusions of life and ensure he/she attains liberation before dying.

If not, he/she goes back into the cycle as before due to their karmic bond.

Those who set themselves towards this objective are heralded in Jainism.

What Are The Results of Achieving Moksha?

Since a person is involved in a karmic bond involving life and death (cyclical), it is important to achieve moksha to relieve oneself of this bond. This is what the human being has to push for according to Jainism, or he/she will continue to go through the cycle.

Those who can achieve Moksha can reside in Siddhashila, which is the apex of the universe according to Jainism. This is where a person has infinite wisdom, faith, and perfection while they move away from their mortal body.

If you read this and wondered what the differences between Moksha and Nirvana were, then you’re in luck! This video covers that topic with incredible depth:

Information About Symbolism On The Jain Flag

The Jain flag holds importance in Jainism and is a symbol of unity for its followers.

The flag has been cultivated with a high level of care while understanding the intricacies of Jainism from top to bottom. The flag is a major symbol for its followers and does continue to hold its own as time goes on. For those who are paying attention to the Jain flag and want to get a gist of what it means, here is a deeper look at the flag of Jainism from a critical point of view.

Swastika

Let’s begin with the heart of the flag as that’s where the eye is drawn first.

It’s the swastika, which is a symbol in Jainism.

The swastika represents the four stages of existence for a soul. These stages include a deity, human being, animals, hell beings. The symbol is used to remind a person they can embody any one of these forms while in the karmic bond.

Those who can achieve Moksha are the ones who don’t have to deal with the four stages any longer. The swastika is used to help followers remember the karmic bond they’re in.

Colors

What about the colors of the flag of Jainism?

The colors in the flag include:

1) Green
2) Red
3) Yellow
4) White
5) Dark Blue

The “green” in the flag represents adepts who teach monks about the scripture. The “red” represents Siddha or souls who have managed to liberate themselves and are now free from the four stages as noted by the swastika. It is also listed as the color of truth.

The “yellow” in the flag represents the Masters of Adepts or for those who don’t steal.

While the “white” in the flag illustrates the arihants, who have attained the highest stage of self-realization and are not stuck with the passions of life.

The final color is “dark blue, ” and it represents the Jain monks and nuns.

Three Dots

The flag of Jainism also has three dots present.

Each dot represents a part of the religion. These dots represent “right conduct,” “right faith,” and “right knowledge” as that is an extension of one’s path to liberation in Jainism. Living souls who can rid themselves of these dots are the ones who become Siddhas.

The Curve

There is a small upwards curve near the top of the flag, and that represents Siddhashila Chakra.

This is a place of pure energy and is above anything else in life such as Earth, hell, or heaven.

How Has Jainism Influenced Art And Architecture In India?

Jainism is a transtheistic religion that prescribed non-violence towards all the living beings and has greatly influenced the development and art and architectural styles in India. This religion traces its root in the Indian subcontinent back in the 6th Century with its founder being Mahavira who was born in a royal family and later renounced his worldly life to become an ascetic.

The Jain Architecture

Both modern and medieval Jains constructed numerous temples, particularly in western India, although there have not been too many in Corpus Christi. Some of the earliest Jain monuments were simply temples that were based on the monasteries for Jain monks and Brahmanical Hindu temple plan. For a long time, the artists in the ancient India were part of the many non-denominational guilds that were ready to offer their services to a Jain, Hindu or Buddhist. Most of the styles used during this period were more related to the place and time rather than the actual religion.

Khandagiri and Udayagiri Caves

The Khandagiri and Udayagiri caves, located near the Bhubaneshwar city of India are some of the earliest architectural structures influenced by Jainism. These caves are partly manmade and somewhat natural and were initially carved out as residential blocks for the Jain monks during King Kharavela of Kalinga’s reign. These caves have inscriptions and sculptural friezes that depict women, elephants, and geese.

Dilwara Temples

Built under Chalukya’s rule between the eleventh and thirteenth centuries, the Dilwara temples are composed of five well-constructed marble temples with each dedicated to a different Tirthankara. The Vimal Vasahi Temple is the largest temple among all five, was built in the year 1021 and is entirely dedicated to TIrthankara Rishabha. Some of its most breathtaking features include the rang manda �” a grand hall that is supported by twelve massive pillars and surmounted by an enormous central dome and the famous navchowki which is a collection of nine richly-carved rectangular ceilings. The pillars supporting the main hall are carved to look like women who are playing musical instruments and their 16 goddesses of knowledge each of which holds a symbol to represent their individual branch of learning.

The Jainism art and architecture has the sole objective of maintaining, preserving and glorifying the culture extensively. Jainas discovered that real artistic work is a representation of a religion’s true spirit. In addition to the religious value it has, Jainism has been a treasure to India and as a result, many Jain centers are now tourist attractions.

If you would like to learn more about architecture in India, please feel free to watch the following video:

Why The Swastika Is An Important Part Of Jainism

When many people think of the swastika, it is associated with Nazism and hate. The reality is that it is used in some cultures and religions and the meaning is not the same. In fact, this is an important symbol for those who practice Jainism.

As you can tell immediately from looking at it, there are four arms on a swastika. Each of them signifies something essential to those who follow this religion. There are four states of existence, and each arm represents a different state of being. These are:

1. Heavenly beings

2. Humans

3. Those who dwell in hell

4. Tiryancha, which are subhuman beings, like plants and animals.

Based on an individual level of karma, all beings will be classified into one of these four states. The goal is for people who follow this religion to achieve a heightened state of enrichment and enlightenment. The three tenets of this concept are faith, conduct and understanding. The three dots that are above the swastika are symbolic of these three ideals.

There is a crescent shape and an additional dot at the very top of the Jainism swastika symbol. This is there to symbolize the perfect state of liberation.

Another interpretation of the swastika would be the representation of the four columns of Jain Sangha. These are: sadhvis, sadhus, shravikas and sravakas. This represents monks, nuns, females and males, respectively.

It is also used to represent the four characteristics of the soul of a being. These are: infinite happiness, infinite knowledge, infinite energy and infinite perception.

This may seem like a great deal for one symbol to represent, but it encompasses all of these. If you are someone who is interested in this religion or one who is new to Jainism, it is understandable that trying to digest all of this will be pretty overwhelming.

Many who convert to Jainism find the symbol a bit disturbing because of what they were taught about it in other parts of their lives. While this is normal, over time you must let this go and learn to understand the swastika based on what it represents to you in the world of Jain. There is no way to reach the heightened state of being that you hope to until you let go of your prior thoughts on this symbol and learn what it means in this case.

Information On The Jain Pilgrimage Known As Tirtha

Jainism is founded on the belief of needing to achieve liberation as a soul.

This is done by achieving “Moksha” or liberation as described in the Sanskrit. Those who can do this can free themselves from the karmic bond and move on as a soul while those who don’t are trapped until they make changes. Due to this concept, the Jain Pilgrimage plays a major role in the path to liberation.

Here is more on the Jain Pilgrimage or “Tirtha” in Jainism.

Where Are These Pilgrimage Sites?

Tirthas or Jain Pilgrimage sites are spread across the nation of India.

They are present in few parts of Kansas City and all parts of India for believers of Jainism. For example, a person can find tirthas in South India (Gummileru, Humbaj, or Shravanabelagola). Believers are told where these sites are and each one has a religious context to it based on history.

These sites are named Tirtha because it stands for “a shallow body of water.”

Other examples of Tirthas in India include Jain Pilgrimage sites located in Ashtapada, Taxila, Pundravardhana, Siddhayatan, Muktagiri, and Mahudi to name a few. Overall, there are a combined 26 locations both in India and overseas.

Types of Tirthas

Not only are there Tirthas across India and the planet, but there are also various types of Tirthas a believer can go to in his lifetime.

Let’s take a look at what these types are.

1) Atishayakshetras
2) Puranakshetras
3) Siddhakshetras
4) Gyanakshetra

Starting with Atishayakshetras, these are Tirthas where divine events have taken place over the course of Jain history. Some of the sites include Ladnu and Shravanabelagola. The divine events taken place at these sites are written in religious texts illustrating their importance.

Moving onto Puranakshetras, these are Tirthas or pilgrimage sites where great men from Jain culture have lived such as Rajgir and Ayodhya to name a few. These are religious figures who have a prominent role in the religious texts and are looked up to by believers.

With Siddhakshetras, these are Tirthas where Tirthankaras have attained liberation or Moksha. Some of these sites include Champapuri, Ashtapada Hill, and Pawapuri.

The final type of Tirtha comes in the form of Gyanakshetra. These Tirthas are where acharyas were set up (centers of learning). These were places where Jainism is or was taught making them the educational backbone of the religion. An example of this type would be Shravanabelagola.

If you would like to learn more about the Tirtha, please watch the following video:

How Does The Concept Of Karma Work In Jainism?

The term “karma” has gained worldwide usage as time has gone on but it has a direct correlation with Jainism.

For Jainism, life revolves around the idea of karma and the karmic bond a person is put in until he/she liberates themselves. It is important for those who follow Jainism to understand what life means through the concept of karma. Let’s take a look at what the concept of karma means in Jainism and how it works.

Meaning of Life

To understand the principle of Karma through Jainism, it’s important to recognize how it ties in with the meaning of life.

In general, Jainism states a human being is trapped in the temporal world as a mortal due to a karmic bond that’s present. This bond keeps the person in a cycle of life and death until he/she liberates themselves. If this doesn’t take place, they remain in the bond.

Those who can understand how karma works recognize the importance of liberating themselves by achieving good karma.

What Is Karma?

Karma is the idea of a psycho-cosmology that weighs good vs. evil actions.

For example, a person that lies might be attracting negative karma, and that has an impact on a person’s path to liberation in Jainism. Those who continue to sin or get lost in the vices of mortality give into this karmic bond and trap themselves. While those who don’t continue to progress through the various stages of Moksha.

Karma is a way to illustrate each decision a person makes has an overarching impact on his/her life. It is not lost in the moment.

A person who does a good deed can be rewarded for it later on whether it’s in the temporal world or on the path to liberation. While those who commit a harmful act will be hurt in the temporal world or their journey to Moksha.

Karma is used to understand why human beings have to go through suffering on a day-to-day basis. Whether it is murders, rapes, or a simple case of corruption, it is karma that is playing a role for all involved parties. A person who commits a bad deed now will pay for it due to the overarching psycho-cosmology.

It is also used as a way to illustrate why a person is put into this world and what’s expected of him/her moving forward.

The Jain Festival Of Diwali

There is a very important occasion celebrated by people all over India. This is known as the Festival of Diwali and it is an integral part of the culture. While it is celebrated by those who are Sikhs, Hindus and Jains, each of them has different reasons for celebrating and their own methods of commemorating the day.

One thing that makes it unique as far as Jainism goes is the meaning. For them, this is a celebration of the day that Mahavira achieved Nirvana and gave his final teaching. This is an extremely symbolic time for Jains and this festival gives them the opportunity to express that.

Those who are very religious like to be literal when it comes to showing respect to Mahavira. The way that they do this is by fasting for two days. This is what he did and they feel that following his lead is a sign of reverence. Keep in mind that all Jains do not do this. It is typically done by those who are very religious and focused on being as traditional in their beliefs as possible.

Once he achieved his state of Nirvana, other gods marked this occasion by lighting lamps to illuminate the area. For this reason, people all over India light lamps during the festival. This occasion is five days long and people tend to keep their lamps lit the entire time. Allowing them to burn out and stay unlit is considered by some to be a sign of disrespect.

This is a day that Jains go to the temple in order to learn more about the teachings of Mahavira. Once they have completed this they carry pictures and representations of him through the streets. Parents also take this time to hand out candy to all of the children.

Once Diwali has concluded, there is a festival that follows. This is known as Kartak Purnima. Jains usually use this time to plan trips to one or more of the holy sites.

As you were told earlier, this festival is not celebrated the same by people of all religions, especially if they are an in an intellectual property law firm. This was written to give you some insight on how the Jains celebrate. You will have to do a bit more research if you would like to know how Hindus and Sikhs commemorate the day. While the spirituality may be similar, there are several things that make it very different.

If you would like to learn more about Diwali, please watch the following video: