Jainism is most pervasive throughout India, but followers have spread throughout the world. Many people have probably never even heard of Jainism — and we think that should change. How many Jain philosophers and spiritual believers do you know? How many have you heard of? Although many Indian celebrities and politicians have Jain beliefs, they don’t necessarily promote them. That’s okay, because that’s not what the religion is all about.
Here are a few trivia questions. See if you can answer them!
How many Jains are there?
There are around five million Jain followers currently living all around the world. Most Jains who don’t reside in India live in countries like Canada, Europe, Kenya, the UK, the US, Hong Kong, Suriname, and Fiji.
What are the five main vows of Jainism?
The five main vows parallel the ten commandments somewhat. They’re all about doing what’s right. They are ahimsa, satya, asteya, brahmacharya, and aparigraha. Respectively, those vows reflect one’s commitment to peace, truth, celibacy, non-attachment, and not stealing. These vows are the reason that Jains are some of the most passive people on this planet. They follow a vegetarian diet and believe even the smallest single-celled organisms are important and should be protected.
What are the two major “sects” of Jainism?
Like most major religions, the Jains have divided into smaller groups based on beliefs and interpretation of ancient texts. The two major sub-traditions are Digambaras and Svetambaras. The primary difference between them is their views on gender roles in the religion.
What does it mean to be ascetic?
Asceticism is based on non-possession. Most major religions grew popular based on their acceptance of — or even promotion of — those living in poverty, but the Jains have held true to their beliefs to this day. An ascetic Jain might go so far as to live without owning any clothes! This is also the reason why the Jains spend time fasting.
What are the goals of Jain meditation?
The purpose of Jain meditation isn’t self-realization, which is the primary goal of other similar religions like Buddhism or Hinduism. It’s not about earthly transformation. It’s more about learning earthly restraint and staying on the right path by thinking the right way. It’s about ending the karmic attachments before a life ends.
Do the Jains worship any gods or goddesses?
Yes, they worship gods and goddesses — but those gods and goddesses are hardly the focal point of the religion, and they don’t believe in or worship an all-knowing, all-powerful creator like other religions. Jain worship is more about rituals, especially during the many festivals celebrated by believers.